• March 16, 2014 /  new, old, tall

    Ostankino Tower – one of the symbols of Moscow and Russian television. Tower not only provides the broadcast of the entire country, but it also accommodates many studios . Signal power , technical equipment and other factors equal objects in the world are not available. The height of the tower is 540 meters
    State Committee for Radio and Television has become the customer of construction of the new station in Ostankino. Development of the project involved the organization ” Mosproject .” Construction was carried out from 1963 to 1967 . At that time it was the tallest building in the world. The idea of ​​using prestressed concrete, compressed steel cables make it possible to design simple and robust towers . Another progressive idea was to use a relatively small foundation : on a plan Nikitin tower was practically standing on the ground and its stability ensured by repeated excess weight helmet – base over the mass of the mast structure.
    Ostankino tower project was coined Nikitin overnight way tower became inverted lily – flower petals with strong and thick rod. The initial project at the tower was 4 supports, later the number increased to 10 .
    Some time after the beginning of the construction work was suspended because of doubts about the reliability of the foundation structure. Further design Ostankino Tower engaged Central Research Institute of Experimental Design entertainment buildings and sports facilities. Earlier this organization entrusted with the task of drafting the Palace of Soviets , which was never done. The final draft of the tower was developed in 1963. Its authors were the chief designer and architects Nikitin Batalov Burdin . They had been substantially completed a previous project , increased the height of the TV tower and the amount of equipment being placed on it . Direct participation in the design, construction and manufacture of equipment for the tower in Ostankino involved more than 40 different organizations.
    In 1967, with the Ostankino television tower began airing television programs, and it was officially put into operation . However , completion of the television station continued for another year. As a result, in 1968 hosted the first broadcast of a color image , and were completed finishing work on a 3-storey restaurant “Seventh Heaven” , which found a place in the television center . New TV Tower was named the all-union radio and television transmitting station USSR Ministry of Communications of the 50th anniversary of the October Revolution. Many engineers who participated in the creation of a new television center was awarded the Lenin Prize .
    At that time it was a unique structure . Besides the fact that the Ostankino tower was the tallest structure in the world, its technical capabilities were astounding . Tower provides not only broadcast radio and television programs throughout Moscow and Moscow region, but their distribution in other cities of the country , through a set of radio relay equipment . Equipment Tower allowed to broadcast simultaneously and record with dozens of different objects. Particularly heavy load on the telecentre fell in 1980 – during the 22 Summer Olympics. On the tower even specifically put equipment news channel CNN.
    But that’s not all the features Ostankino television tower . Thanks to her, the main meteorological centers of the Soviet Union has acquired a unique meteorological observatory with which could monitor various atmospheric phenomena. Tower and provided radiotelephone major departments and heads of state.
    Soon Ostankino Tower has become one of the tourist centers of Moscow. In 1982, next to her , even the building was constructed , providing sightseeing activities . There’s also housed a modern conference hall for 800 seats . Expanded and improved and the restaurant “Seventh Heaven” , which offer a breathtakingly beautiful view of the capital . On one of the broad rings also was undeveloped special viewing platform for tourists.
    No less unique design and a television tower in Ostankino. It is a huge elongated cone , whose walls are made ​​of reinforced concrete , reinforced with metal . Moreover , tower 149 is supported th ropes that are attached to the tower wall . In the center of the trunk placed mines for various cables and pipelines , lift and stairs . The total weight of structures , not including the basement , about 32 thousand tons. All technical areas isolated from visitors. They not only have a separate entrance , but also access to an underground passage . The main hall , which houses the television transmitters , located on the fifth floor of the tower . Above it is a technical floor . Center staff is protected from strong electromagnetic radiation transmitters screens made ​​of special materials .
    Tourist facilities are open only some of the Ostankino television tower . This three observation decks , the highest of which is located at an altitude of 337 meters, 3 – storey restaurant “Seventh Heaven” and a balcony. Restaurant slowly rotates around the axis of the tower , making 1 to 3 revolutions per hour , so you can see a general panorama of the city. Lower viewing platform located at an altitude of 147 and 269 meters, it is of interest in cloudy weather, when the upper pad see nothing impossible. At this point on the tower are 5 of 7 lifts . 4 high-speed elevators and one of ThyssenKrupp Elevator Factory Scherbinsky service . Just SCHLZ was designed by one of the two elevators, which must be placed in the antenna of the TV tower .
    Engines speed elevators installed at elevations of 360 and 364 meters. Travel speed elevators might be automatically reduced , based on signals from sensors monitoring the amplitude of the rocking tower. Also the elevators are equipped with a unique system , which implemented a contactless power transmission into the elevator due to the inductive energy transfer , on the basis of the transformer. For this purpose, placed in the shaft inductive energy transfer elements , and current collectors arranged on the cabin . At the moment is only one service elevator number 5, located in the tower podium . Elevators number 6 and 7 located above observation and reaching to the level of approximately 450 meters, is currently off, and it is possible to restore them and not planned, because of the fact that the elevator shafts
    Before the fire in 2000, the restaurant “Seventh Heaven” was at the height of 328-334 meters and occupies 3 floors . Annular restaurant premises made ​​circular rotation around its axis at a rate of one to two revolutions per 40 minutes. 30 years of the tower observation deck and restaurant “Seventh Heaven” was attended by around 10 million visitors. As of January 2009 completely renovated observation deck .
    On average , lightning strikes the tower about 50 times a year
    It is the tallest building in Europe , and for several years it was the tallest building in the world. Currently Ostankino Tower – the fourth in the world for a free-standing building, after the Burj Dubai, Guangzhou TV Tower and TV Tower CN Tower .

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  • March 10, 2013 /  news


    Located on Alexanderplatz, Berlin Fernsehturm TV tower was the pride of East Berlin after its opening in 1969. Today the tower is a symbol of united Berlin, as well as the most visited attraction in the German capital. Its height is 365 meters. Feature of the Berlin TV Tower: revolving restaurant, located in a steel spherical structures with a diameter of 30 meters. This ball makes a U-turn on 360 degrees for a time sufficient for a lunch or dinner, which gives visitors the time to see the full panorama of Berlin. Despite the fact that this is not the best restaurant in the German capital, the table will have to book in advance.

    With the Berlin TV tower is connected with one historical incident. When the sun shines on a steel ball, which houses a restaurant, then it appears reflected in the form of a cross. Since Soviet times, as if hinting at atheism promoted by the socialist government in Berlin and discrimination against the church in East Germany, Berliners called the cross “revenge dad.”


  • March 10, 2013 /  old, tall

    CN Tower

    Skyscraper CN Touer in Toronto is the highest building in the world from 1976 to 2007 (and now this building remains the highest in the Northern Hemisphere). Concrete tower in the form of rocket, topped with a large bowl, rising above the economic capital of Canada at the level of 553 meters (including the antenna). It is located a few kilometers from Lake Ontario, and is a symbol of Toronto and its observation deck is visited annually by more than 2 million people.

    You do not even notice how get there: glass elevator rises to the height of 346 meters in less than 1 minute. From the observation deck offers a beautiful view of Toronto and Lake Ontario. Among the most impressive sights of the skyscraper – a platform with a glass floor, as if hanging over the abyss, and – for thrill – ride AdgeWalk: the opportunity to walk at an altitude of 365 meters, not limiting themselves railings and barriers. Daredevil, who decided to walk for 30 minutes around the skyscraper at 116-floor, will have a safety rope at the waist, tying him with steel railings. It is worth the extreme entertainment $ 175 and for the money you can fully enjoy the astounding skyscraper height and build experience for a lifetime.

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  • March 10, 2013 /  news, old

    Willis Tower

    In the panorama of skyscrapers in Chicago consistently allocated Willis Tower. This tower – one of the main attractions of the city, as it is the tallest building in the United States.

    Willis Tower was built in 1973 and then was named Sears Tower (Sears Tower), on behalf of the owner, Trading Corporation Sears Holdings Corporation. Under this name, the skyscraper and the world came to be known as the tallest building at the time in the world: the height of the tower was 443.2 meters, and the total number of rooms – 110. Competing in height with a tower of the World Trade Center, to strengthen in 1978 109-meter antenna, Sears in 1982 added two antennas, bringing its height to 527 meters.

    Almost 25 years Sears continued to hold the bar in the championship race skyline until it in 1998 is not surpassed the Petronas Twin Towers in Kuala Lumpur. Losing global leadership skyscraper still remained the tallest building in Chicago and across America. And in 2009, at a ceremony renaming the Sears Tower was renamed – Willis Tower. By the time the former owners have long been moved to a different office, and the new name is a result of the lease agreement of the new owner and the insurance corporation Willis Group Holdings.

    As one of the world’s tallest skyscrapers, Willis Tower affects your values. Thus, in the tower of 104 elevators, the total weight of the structure – about 200 thousand tons of glass in the tower of more than 16,000 pieces and come here every day about 25,000 people.

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  • March 10, 2013 /  old

    Petronas Towers

    By the way, the Americans kept the title of the most hyped world’s tallest building until 1998, until the Kuala Lumpur Petronas Twin Towers. Its height is 451 meters, and today they are an “icon” of the whole of Malaysia.

    When I first started this project, visitors to the observation deck Petronas Towers were allowed free. Now, to go there for thirty to forty minutes, will have to pay $ 80. From the top of all good, but now, many lost for words. The observation deck is located on the 86th floor, and then you can see not only the urban landscape, but also the so-called base jumpers have – those who jumped on top with a parachute. Although this occupation is not permitted by law, as in the city, this sport is prohibited, such brave “little things” do not stop.

    Two Petronas Twin Towers, made of steel and glass, connected by bridge at 41 th floor and is the symbol and the main office Malaysian oil company Petronas. At the foot of the towers are luxury shopping center, a concert hall and exhibition center, and the area near the skyscrapers decorated artificial lake in a very futuristic style.

    The number of tickets per day to the observation deck tower is limited, so if you’re at all costs have decided to look at the Kuala Lumpur aerial view, then it is better to book tickets in advance, or to come to the opening of a ticket, which starts at 8:30 am . The ticket gives you the right to visit the bridge linking the two twin towers at the 41st floor and the observation deck on the 86th floor.

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  • March 10, 2013 /  new

    Shanghai World Financial Center

    Shanghai World Financial Center – a majestic skyscraper standing in the business district of Pudong, close to the skyscraper Jin Mao Tower and TV Tower Oriental Pearl Tower.

    Shanghai World Financial Center was founded in 1997. However, the financial crisis has stopped the work, which was renewed in 2003. By that time, little has changed and the project skyscraper, he added a few tens of meters of height and several floors. As a result, the roof of the building has risen by 492 meters, and its top, 101-floor, located at an altitude of 474 meters.

    High-rise building features original design, particularly for its shopping center trapezoid window at the top, which reduces wind resistance. Initially, the window was to be round, but this form suggests to many Chinese thinking about the symbol of the rising sun on the flag of Japan, and thus to relieve political tensions form openings replaced. As a result, many of the design of the building reminded giant bottle opener.

    Architects, U.S. firm Kohn Pedersen Fox, tried to bring in their offspring a lot of interesting and useful innovations. In particular, it took into account the sad experience of the September 11 attacks in New York, and for people who are on the upper floors, have provided several options for evacuation. In addition, every 12 floors of the building shares a special unit, protected by floor, having reinforced concrete frame and glass windows that can be broken if you need to let the air.

    Shanghai World Financial Center, like his brothers, was a multifunctional skyscraper. The building contains office space, conference rooms, shopping centers. The upper floors, with 79 on the 93rd, took the hotel Park Hyatt Shanghai, which has 174 rooms.


  • March 10, 2013 /  news

    Empire State Building

    Empire State Building – is also a romantic. This skyscraper – the smallest of the biggest, but the most famous of all. Its height of only 448 meters. It met the heroes of popular film “Sleepless in Seattle”, and in 1933 on the top of it climbed King Kong.

    After the destruction of the World Trade Center in 2001, the Empire State Building, built in 1930, once again became the tallest building in Manhattan. Viewing platform is located on the 86th floor, with its stunning view of one of the most exciting cities in the world. Though usually at sunset here is going to a large crowd of tourists still come to admire the New York City is at this time of day.

    A ticket to the observation deck Empire State Building is not expensive – only $ 10. For a little more money – $ 40 – you can climb the 102 th floor, where it is possible to look at New York through the window. Bonus in this case would be far fewer people around.

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  • March 10, 2013 /  news, old

    Taipei 10

    Despite the lost leadership, Taipei 101 – a real pride of Taiwan, the unrecognized Asian country, which is actually a province of China. Giant skyscraper, rushed up with a relatively small area – square side 53m – an engineering marvel, the first building in the world, overcame a half-kilometer mark in height, skyscraper, combining the modern with the ancient Chinese tradition of architecture, one of the main symbols of Taiwan.

    While 101 floor was chosen – it symbolizes the renewal of time: the new century, occurred at a time when the tower was built (100 +1) and all subsequent new year (January 1 = 1.1). There are other interpretations of why height was approved at 101 floors, for example, references to the record numbers in the binary number system, widely used in the IT-industry is the backbone of the economy of Taiwan.

    Skyscraper construction lasted from January 1998, when it was solemnly laid the first stone to the end of 2003, when New Year’s Eve 2004 the building was opened. Upon completion of construction, Taipei 101 was the highest building in the world, ahead of its nearest competitors, the Petronas Twin Towers in Kuala Lumpur.

    To date, the building height of 508 m is not only one of the highest in the world, but also one of the strongest – in its design and construction were taken into account almost all the most severe, extreme weather events, such switches on earthquake forces in the region, what are the times 2.5 thousand years. The skyscraper is built using the highest technology, its vast territory have a wide selection of offices, restaurants, bars, fitness centers, supermarkets, boutiques, clubs, and viewing points. Two-story high-speed lifts, each worth $ 2.4 million for 37 seconds to understand visitors from 5 to 89 floor (the uppermost floors of the skyscraper – technical).

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  • March 10, 2013 /  new, tall


    No city is more important to Muslims than Mecca. Prophet Muhammad was born here, here – the birthplace of Islam, the place of concentration of the most important shrines of the Islamic world, including the special place of Al-Masjid al-Haram (Grand Mosque), and being in her yard Kaaba.

    Mecca – one of the most visited cities in the world. Its main population – about 1 million 700 thousand people increased by more than half during the Hajj: Up to two million Muslims come to these days (The pilgrimage takes place at the beginning of the twelfth month of the Muslim lunar calendar, Dhul-Hijjah) to give a sacred trust. Once in a lifetime every good Muslim must make a pilgrimage to Mecca – the Hajj, the fifth and last of the main pillars of Islam. And every year to show their love for God, to make a circuit around the Kaaba – the shrine in the courtyard of the main mosque in the Islamic world the Al-Masjid al-Haram – the holy city of pilgrims coming from literally all over the world, of all races and nationalities.

    Al-Masjid al-Haram (Grand Mosque), now in its second millennium. It is not known the date of its construction, although there is evidence, statements as to the construction of a mosque on the site in 638. Familiar to date view of the mosque acquired after 1570 – since then, despite numerous reconstruction Haram looks traditional – great internal area of ​​a rectangle, a length of 165 m and a width of 111 m, which can accommodate up to 700 thousand people, surrounded by eight-meter stone walls . Over the mosque minarets adorn nine of white stone, each 95 meters high, in the center of the square stands the sanctuary – the Kaaba.

    Kaaba – a very special shrine of the Muslim world. According to legend, in its construction and restoration involved Prophets Adam, Ibrahim, Ismail and Muhammad – a unique index for each, the most holy, the buildings in the world. Kaaba existed in ancient times. It is a small stone building cubical for the last more than 1,400 years, is a place to which the views of the congregation facing the world – so commanded the Prophet Muhammad, founder of Islam, in 630 characters cleanse the Kaaba of paganism and declared it the main shrine of the Muslims and Mecca – the capital of the Muslim world.

    Only believers can visit the holy city. All non-Muslims are not allowed entry to Mecca, as specifically stated in the Quran. History has an extremely small cases where the main city of the Muslims fell representatives of other religions. The brightest of them – is part of France in special forces rescue operation 6,000,000 hostages held by terrorists in the Holy Mosque in 1979.

    “Mother of Cities”, the spiritual center of Islam, Mecca is officially declared a holy land – it is prohibited any violence, war, cutting down trees, killing animals (except when the Sacrifice). Here, Muslims around the world are finding that aspires to their soul – union with God, and after joint prayers, having experienced privation and hardship, cleansed internally and externally, they are enlightened people and the world of the soul returning to their homes.

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  • March 10, 2013 /  new, tall


    Apartments hotel, observation platforms and offices, restaurants and shopping centers, private lawns and boulevards – the Burj Khalifa, the tallest skyscraper in the world, designed to raise the image of the capital of United Arab Emirates to truly dizzying heights.

    Tower project was designed by architect Adrian Smith, before the Chinese already are engaged in designing a skyscraper Jin Mao. As a general contractor construction unit of South Korean company Samsung, which had previously been involved in the construction of the Petronas Twin Towers in Kuala Lumpur.

    In 2004 began the construction of the tower, from the start to claim the title of the highest. Construction was carried out at a rate of 1-2 floors a week. July 21, 2007 Burj Khalifa, rising to 509.2 meters, surpassed the height of Taipei 101, previously thought the tallest skyscraper in the world. By September 15, 2007 exceeded the height of the tower under construction altitude record for a free-standing structure, previously for 31 years held the CN Tower in Toronto, and was 555.3 m in May 2008, the Burj Dubai has reached a height of 636.9 meters with 163 completed floors. After that had been erected, crowning the tower, spire of metal construction.

    The official opening of the tower, whose height was finally 828 meters, on 4 January 2010. On this day, the skyscraper, formerly known as Burj Dubai, got its name – the Burj Khalifa in honor of the President of the UAE, Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan.

    Burj Khalifa in many ways unique. Its interior is decorated with more than 1,000 works of art, 163 stories high combined 57 elevators and 8 escalators, at any given time there may simultaneously be 35 000. On the 124th floor of a skyscraper (505 m) placed an observation deck on the 144th floor is the highest nightclub, and the 158th – the world’s highest mosque.