Ostankino Tower – one of the symbols of Moscow and Russian television. Tower not only provides the broadcast of the entire country, but it also accommodates many studios . Signal power , technical equipment and other factors equal objects in the world are not available. The height of the tower is 540 meters
State Committee for Radio and Television has become the customer of construction of the new station in Ostankino. Development of the project involved the organization ” Mosproject .” Construction was carried out from 1963 to 1967 . At that time it was the tallest building in the world. The idea of using prestressed concrete, compressed steel cables make it possible to design simple and robust towers . Another progressive idea was to use a relatively small foundation : on a plan Nikitin tower was practically standing on the ground and its stability ensured by repeated excess weight helmet – base over the mass of the mast structure.
Ostankino tower project was coined Nikitin overnight way tower became inverted lily – flower petals with strong and thick rod. The initial project at the tower was 4 supports, later the number increased to 10 .
Some time after the beginning of the construction work was suspended because of doubts about the reliability of the foundation structure. Further design Ostankino Tower engaged Central Research Institute of Experimental Design entertainment buildings and sports facilities. Earlier this organization entrusted with the task of drafting the Palace of Soviets , which was never done. The final draft of the tower was developed in 1963. Its authors were the chief designer and architects Nikitin Batalov Burdin . They had been substantially completed a previous project , increased the height of the TV tower and the amount of equipment being placed on it . Direct participation in the design, construction and manufacture of equipment for the tower in Ostankino involved more than 40 different organizations.
In 1967, with the Ostankino television tower began airing television programs, and it was officially put into operation . However , completion of the television station continued for another year. As a result, in 1968 hosted the first broadcast of a color image , and were completed finishing work on a 3-storey restaurant “Seventh Heaven” , which found a place in the television center . New TV Tower was named the all-union radio and television transmitting station USSR Ministry of Communications of the 50th anniversary of the October Revolution. Many engineers who participated in the creation of a new television center was awarded the Lenin Prize .
At that time it was a unique structure . Besides the fact that the Ostankino tower was the tallest structure in the world, its technical capabilities were astounding . Tower provides not only broadcast radio and television programs throughout Moscow and Moscow region, but their distribution in other cities of the country , through a set of radio relay equipment . Equipment Tower allowed to broadcast simultaneously and record with dozens of different objects. Particularly heavy load on the telecentre fell in 1980 – during the 22 Summer Olympics. On the tower even specifically put equipment news channel CNN.
But that’s not all the features Ostankino television tower . Thanks to her, the main meteorological centers of the Soviet Union has acquired a unique meteorological observatory with which could monitor various atmospheric phenomena. Tower and provided radiotelephone major departments and heads of state.
Soon Ostankino Tower has become one of the tourist centers of Moscow. In 1982, next to her , even the building was constructed , providing sightseeing activities . There’s also housed a modern conference hall for 800 seats . Expanded and improved and the restaurant “Seventh Heaven” , which offer a breathtakingly beautiful view of the capital . On one of the broad rings also was undeveloped special viewing platform for tourists.
No less unique design and a television tower in Ostankino. It is a huge elongated cone , whose walls are made of reinforced concrete , reinforced with metal . Moreover , tower 149 is supported th ropes that are attached to the tower wall . In the center of the trunk placed mines for various cables and pipelines , lift and stairs . The total weight of structures , not including the basement , about 32 thousand tons. All technical areas isolated from visitors. They not only have a separate entrance , but also access to an underground passage . The main hall , which houses the television transmitters , located on the fifth floor of the tower . Above it is a technical floor . Center staff is protected from strong electromagnetic radiation transmitters screens made of special materials .
Tourist facilities are open only some of the Ostankino television tower . This three observation decks , the highest of which is located at an altitude of 337 meters, 3 – storey restaurant “Seventh Heaven” and a balcony. Restaurant slowly rotates around the axis of the tower , making 1 to 3 revolutions per hour , so you can see a general panorama of the city. Lower viewing platform located at an altitude of 147 and 269 meters, it is of interest in cloudy weather, when the upper pad see nothing impossible. At this point on the tower are 5 of 7 lifts . 4 high-speed elevators and one of ThyssenKrupp Elevator Factory Scherbinsky service . Just SCHLZ was designed by one of the two elevators, which must be placed in the antenna of the TV tower .
Engines speed elevators installed at elevations of 360 and 364 meters. Travel speed elevators might be automatically reduced , based on signals from sensors monitoring the amplitude of the rocking tower. Also the elevators are equipped with a unique system , which implemented a contactless power transmission into the elevator due to the inductive energy transfer , on the basis of the transformer. For this purpose, placed in the shaft inductive energy transfer elements , and current collectors arranged on the cabin . At the moment is only one service elevator number 5, located in the tower podium . Elevators number 6 and 7 located above observation and reaching to the level of approximately 450 meters, is currently off, and it is possible to restore them and not planned, because of the fact that the elevator shafts
Before the fire in 2000, the restaurant “Seventh Heaven” was at the height of 328-334 meters and occupies 3 floors . Annular restaurant premises made circular rotation around its axis at a rate of one to two revolutions per 40 minutes. 30 years of the tower observation deck and restaurant “Seventh Heaven” was attended by around 10 million visitors. As of January 2009 completely renovated observation deck .
On average , lightning strikes the tower about 50 times a year
It is the tallest building in Europe , and for several years it was the tallest building in the world. Currently Ostankino Tower – the fourth in the world for a free-standing building, after the Burj Dubai, Guangzhou TV Tower and TV Tower CN Tower .